定了!中国籍候选人薛捍勤连任国际法院法官

国际法院法官换届选举11日和12日在联合国大会和安理会同时举行。中国籍候选人、国际法院现任副院长薛捍勤成功连任国际法院法官。

薛捍勤于2010年6月首次当选国际法院法官,并自2018年2月起担任国际法院副院长,是国际法院首位女性中国籍法官、首位女性副院长。

除薛捍勤外,其他当选法官分别是日本籍候选人岩泽雄司、德国籍候选人格奥尔格·诺尔特、斯洛伐克籍候选人彼得·通卡、乌干达籍候选人朱莉娅·塞布廷德。新当选法官任期9年,自2021年2月6日起算。

国际法院是联合国主要司法机关,设在荷兰海牙,1946年正式开始运作,负责审理各国就国家间争端向法院提交的诉讼案件,并可就联大、安理会等联合国机构提交的法律问题发表咨询意见。

国际法院由15名不同国籍的法官组成,每三年改选5名法官,法官可连选连任,候选人必须在联合国大会和安理会同时获得绝对多数票支持方可当选。

定了!中国籍候选人薛捍勤连任国际法院法官

Elections for five judges to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) took place simultaneously at the United Nations General Assembly and the Security Council on Wednesday and Thursday. Chinese candidate Xue Hanqin, currently serving as vice president of the ICJ, was re-elected with a high number of votes.

Xue was first elected to the ICJ in June 2010 and was re-elected in November 2011. She has been vice president of the court since February 2018, the first female of Chinese nationality to serve on the bench and the first female vice president of the court.

Prior to her career in the ICJ, Xue was a member and chair of the United Nations International Law Commission. She used to be director-general of the Department of Treaty and Law of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of China, legal counsel of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of China, Chinese ambassador to the Netherlands, and Chinese ambassador to ASEAN.

Of the eight candidates contesting the five seats, four are current members of the court: Hanqin Xue (China), the incumbent vice-president; Peter Tomka (Slovakia); Julia Sebutinde (Uganda); and Yuji Iwasawa (Japan). The four other candidates are Taoheed Olufemi Elias (Nigeria), Georg Nolte (Germany), Maja Sersic (Croatia), and Emmanuel Ugirashebuja (Rwanda).

The newly elected judges will serve for a term of nine years, beginning on February 6, 2021.

The ICJ, which is based in The Hague, the Netherlands, and formally began its operations in 1946, is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations. The court's role is to settle legal disputes submitted to it by states and to give advisory opinions on legal questions referred to it by UN bodies such as the General Assembly and the Security Council.

The court is composed of 15 judges of different nationalities, all of whom are "persons of high moral character, who possess the qualifications required in their respective countries for appointment to the highest judicial offices or are jurisconsults of recognized competence in international law."

Five judges of the court are elected every three years and may be re-elected, with the requirement of obtaining an absolute majority of votes in the General Assembly and the Security Council for their election.

Under the Statute of the ICJ, a candidate obtaining an absolute majority of votes in both organs is considered elected. In the Security Council, eight votes constitute an absolute majority, with no distinction between permanent and non-permanent members.

By contrast, all 193 member states in the General Assembly are electors and accordingly, for the purpose of Thursday's election, 97 votes constituted an absolute majority.

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