Changes about the number of wildlife species，这个话题涉及一些野生物种数量的减少，因此第二段需要分析野生物种减少的原因，具体可以这样分析：
1.The society developing, you may see a phenomenon that the number of some wildlife species is reducing. Careful deliberation of this trend has illuminated on why this should be so. Firstly, some people are preoccupied with economic benefits but neglect the importance of ecological balance. Secondly,Undesirable general mood of society should shoulder the blame, such as the gradual loss of sense of social responsibility . Last but not least, there are policy bugs on this issue and authorities concerned exercise inadequate supervision.
changes about the number of private cars，这个话题第二段需要分析为什么私家车数量在大幅增加，具体如下：
The society developing, you may see a phenomenon that the number of private cars is increasing at an alarming rate. Careful deliberation of this trend has illuminated on why this should be so. The economy developing, people’s wallets are growing increasingly fat and their consuming capacity has been enhanced. According to an internet survey, there are 65% people having the economic capability to buy private cars.
changes about the number of netizens，这个话题涉及到网民数量增加的问题，第二段需要解释这个现象的原因，具体如下：
The society developing, you may see a phenomenon that the number of netizens is increasing at an alarming rate. Careful deliberation of this trend has illuminated on why this should be so. The internet technology developing fast, there exists various job opportunities as well as abundant educational resources on the internet. Besides, no one could fail to notice that policy consent could also explain the reason why it could be like this.
changes about the number of students going abroad and coming home，这个话题涉及到回国留学生人数增加的问题，第二段需要着重解释这个原因，具体如下：
The society developing, you may see a phenomenon that the number of netizens is increasing at an alarming rate. Careful deliberation of this trend has illuminated on why this should be so. The economic situation shifting, China’s economy has made great achievement and people’s wallets are growing increasingly fat. As a result, people’s living standard has been raised. Besides, the government has built a sound social security system and sound health care system. The above factors, as far as I’m concerned, has uncovered the deep-rooted explanation for what happened.
changes about people’s income，居民收入随着经济的发展在增加，第二段需要分析的就是这个现象的与原因，具体如下：
With the society being in rapid development, you may frequently see the phenomenon that people in growing number have more income. Many factors could contribute to phenomenon, but the following ones deserve special mention. The time and economic situation shifting, the economy has developed, and people’s wallets are growing fat. Of course, no one could fail to notice that policy consent could explain the reason why it could be like this. According to a survey made by Sina, there are about more than 90% people enjoying high-level living standard.
the situation about starting up business domestically，创业市场欣欣向荣，我们需要分析这个现象的原因：
With the society being in rapid development, you may frequently see the phenomenon that people in growing number start up their business. Many factors could contribute to phenomenon, but the following ones deserve special mention. The time and economic situation changing, there is policy support for this issue. Besides, some people are clear about their personal demand and full of enterprising spirit, so starting up business is a way to realize their self-value.
the contrast about the number of students hunting jobs and starting up business，大学生找工作的情况不容乐观，因此创业人数大量增加。第二段的写作可以参考：
The competition of job hunting becomes fierce and job opportunities are reducing. Besides, some graduates are short of knowledge and ability and they are socially inexperienced. That’s why the situation about job hunting is determined like this. About starting up business,there is policy support for this issue. So starting up business is a good way to realize some students self-value.
（有变化）As we can see in this linebarpie chart, the number of主题词 has changed dramatically/slightly/moderately during the past 年数years from 年份 to 年份.
（有变化）There are some statistics in the chart, which shows a variation in terms of the number of主题词
（有变化）It is clearly demonstrated by the graph a dramatic/slight variation with regard to the number of主题词
（无变化）It is clearly demonstrated by the graph the numbers/figures/statistics/date with regard to主题词
形容词：a smart boy
名词：a history book
现在分词：a developing Country
过去分词：a developed Country
形容词短语：a job difficult to finish
介词短语：the key to the door
不定式短语：a plan to go abroad
现在分词短语：a friend coming to the party
过去分词短语：a gift bought by me
（1）The number of sth had a dramatic/slight increase/decrease during the span from始时to终时, which was from始量to终量
（2）There be a speedy/moderate rise/drop from 始量 to终量 in the number/proportion of sth between始时and终时.
（3）A dramatic/slight increase/decrease from 始量 to 终量 was witnessed in the number of sth during the span from 始时 to 终时.
（4）主题词 has experienced an apparent tendency of decrease/increase, with the proportion/number declining/rising from 始量to 终量.
（5） The number/figures/situation of sth bottomed out in年份.
（6）The number of 对象1 is 数字 times as much/many as the number of 对象2.
（7）The percentage of sth1 is slightly larger/smaller than that of sth2.
①The number of sth experienced an evident fluctuation from…to…（可加数字也可加年份）
②The number of sth has/have witnessed a swing from…to…（可加数字也可加年份）
③The number of sth rises/ rose and falls/ fell repeatedly from…to…（可加数字也可加年份）
①由……组成：consist of, be made up of, be composed of
②占多大比例：account for, make up, take up, occupy
①Over the period from年份to年份, the number of sth remained level.
②The number of sth remained steady/stable from 年份to年份.
③There is not a great deal of difference between the number of A and B
1.With the society developing fast=With the society being in rapid development, you may frequently hear (of ) the term of +主题词/ you may frequently see the phenomenon of +主题 / that+句子.
2.The current days / recent years / modern society / recent world has witnessed the phenomenon of 主题(that 句子)
3.In this day and age, nothing has aroused more attention than 主题词 / the phenomenon that +从句.
1.Careful deliberation of this trend has illuminated me>
2.Many factors could contribute to this issue/this phenomenon/this problem, but the following>
3.From my perspective, this phenomenon/situation mainly attributes to the following reasons.
①原因名词+constitutes one of the primary reasons.
②原因名词+also accounts for this phenomenon.
③No one could fail to notice that原因名词could explain the reason why it could be like this.
④原因名词+consists of one of the primary reasons for+主题词/this issue/phenomenon/problem.
⑤Perhaps the main/primary/fundamental reason is原因名词
sustainable development of economy
The economy has made great achievement.
The science and technology has made great achievement.
large population base;larger number of population
The population has increased.
high-level living standard
The living standard has been raised/improved/enhanced
The folks/people/citizens are growing richer.
The folk/people/citizen’s wallets are growing fat.
high consuming capacity
The consuming capacity has been enhanced/improved.
the alteration of consumption idea
the shift about notion of consumption
The consumption idea has changed/altered/shifted.
The age/time/year/era has been changed/altered/shifted.
The age/time/year/era is different.
the shift/alteration/change of economic situation/circumstance
The economic situation/circumstance has been changed/altered/shifted.
policy support/opposition; policy consent/objection
The policy favors sth.
There is policy support for sth/opposition against sth.
low/high price of product
The price of product has dropped/has been cut.
The product runs cheaper.
the alteration/shift of the way/means of communication
Our era has witnessed the alteration/shift of the communication mode.
The communication mode has altered/shifted/changed.
the alteration/shift of market requirement/demand
Market demand has altered/shifted.
convenient traffic; developed transportation
there is convenient traffic in+地点
high performance cost ratio
highly cost effective
The cost-performance ratio of sth. is raised/high/enhanced.
various kinds of products
a variety of products
There is a variety of products
The product quality has been improved.
The products/Sth. have/has quality problem.
the impact of marketing strategies/tactics
Sth. is/are influenced/impacted by marketing strategies/tactics.
no product superiority
The product possesses no superiority.
Sb. is/are unclear about his/her/their personal demand.
Sb. have/has no idea about his/her/their personal demand.
Sb. is short of/lacks plan for sth./doing sth..
Sb. is socially inexperienced.
Sb. lacks social experience.
Sb. belongs to low-income group/earners.
sb. are/is stressed out.
Sb. cannot realize his self-value.
Sb. is not aggressive.
Sb. has/have weak enterprising spirit.
Sb. is/are lack/full（充满） of enterprising spirit.
the gap between expectation and reality
There is/are/exist(s) a gap between sb’s expectation and reality.
Sb. live(s) a stable life.
different life attitude
Sb. have/has a different attitude towards life.
sound social security system
The government has built a sound social security system.
Sb. have/has less/more spare time.
Sb. can spare more/less time after school/work.
Sb. is/are short of knowledge/ability to do sth.
Sb. is/are not capable of doing sth.
Sb. need/do(es) not need to work.
There is (no) need for sb. to work/hunt a job.
unclear/vague work objective/goal
population transfer from...to...
various job opportunities
There exist various job opportunities.
abundant/adequate educational resources
There are abundant/adequate educational resources.
sound health care system
There is a sound health care system + 地点.
sound social infrastructure
There is a sound social infrastructure +地点.
People attach great importance to quality of life.
Sb. can live a more colorful life +地点.
Farm land is lessened/reduced/decreased.
monotonous/boring living environment
sb. live(s) in a monotonous living environment.
Family planning; birth control.
Sb yearns for knowledge；
Sb aspires after knowledge.
①That’s why the situation about解释对象is determined like this.
②The above factor(s), as far as I’m concerned, has uncovered the deep rooted explanation for what happened about解释对象.
③The above reason(s), I guess, has illustrated why the situation about解释对象should be so.
④According to a survey make by Sina, there are about % sb (not)doing sth.
末段（总结 + 建议+展望）
(1)Taking into account what has been argued, we can come to the conclusion that this established trend is positive and therefore acceptable.（正面现象）
(2)Taking the above mentioned into consideration, I reckon +考虑到上面提到的内容，我认为+
①that we have discovered essential factors behind this issue/phenomenon.我们发现了这个现象背后的重要原因。
②that reasonable analysis has been made to form a clear understanding of this phenomenon合理的分析帮助我们清楚的理解了这个现象。
(3)In a word, we have reached a profound understanding of this phenomenon/fact/issue/matter.总而言之，我们已经深刻的理解了这个现象或者事实或者事情。
(4)All in all, after a detailed analysis, profound reasons behind this phenomenon are determined.总之，在我们的详细分析之后，我们已经找到了这个现象背后的深层次原因。
①In light of/In terms of the problem/phenomenon revealed by the statistics, 政府/媒体 should shoulder the responsibility to do sth
②I reckon it is prime/high time that 学校/个人 should do sth
In a word, although it`s easier said than done, we can make it with perseverance/our longstanding effort and stamina.（正面现象结尾）
As long as we can capitalize its strength and dodge its adverse aspects, we can definitely benefit remarkably from it.（争议现象结尾）
If we can take immediate action as the above mentioned, this undesirable phenomenon can surely be eliminated sooner or later.（负面现象结尾）
Directions: In this section, you are asked to write an essay based on the following chart. In your writing, you should
1) Interpret the chart and
2) Give your comments.
You should write at least 150 words.
Write your essay on on ANSWER SHEET 2. (15 points)
As we can see in this bar chart, the number of mobile phone subscriptions in both developing and developed Countries has changed dramatically during the past nine years from 2000 to 2008. The number of the mobile phone subscriptions in developing Countries had a dramatic increase which was from 400 million/0.4 billion to 4 billion. There was a moderate rise from 0.5 billion to 1 billion in the number of that of the developed Countries in the same period.
With the society developing fast, you may see the phenomenon that people in growing number use mobile phone. Careful deliberation of this trend has illuminated me on why this should be so. The economy being in rapid development, the people are growing richer and their consuming capacity has been enhanced. According to a survey make by Sina, there are about 86%people in developing Countries owning cell phones. While, no one could fail to notice that small population base could explain the reason why it could be like this in developed Countries.
Taking into account what has been argued, we can come to the conclusion that this established trend is positive and therefore acceptable. In light of/In terms of the phenomenon revealed by the statistics,the government should shoulder the responsibility to strengthen the communications infrastructure construction. In a word, although it’s easier said than done, we can make it with our long standing effort and stamina.