20考研英语大作文话题单词汇总|历年真题分类分析

20考研英语大作文话题单词汇总|历年真题分类分析

通过对历年英语一真题地分析,考研英语作文的主题主要有5类,而且一旦考到某一主题,很多主题词都是通用的。

20考研英语大作文话题单词汇总|历年真题分类分析

20考研英语大作文话题单词汇总|历年真题分类分析

精神品质类

team spirit:团队精神

teamwork:团队合作

strengthen mutual cooperation:增强相互合作

patience:耐心

prudence:谨慎

persistence/perseverance:恒心/毅力/坚持

give up halfway:半途而废

endeavor:努力

diligence/painstaking efforts:勤奋

self-dependence/self-reliance/independence:自立

innovation/creativity/criticalthinking:创新

self-confidence:自信

lack of confidence:缺乏自信

modesty:谦虚

striving spirit:奋斗精神

the spirit of competition:拼搏精神

aggressive:有进取心的

strong-willed:意志坚强的

tireless:孜孜不倦的

persevering:不屈不挠的

consistent:始终如一的

adversity and hardship:逆境和苦难

a sense of achievement:成就感

sense of honor:荣誉感

entertain great ambitions:胸怀抱负

reap without sowing:不劳而获

haste makes waste:欲速则不达

utilitarian:功利的,急功近利的

actions:行动(take actions:付诸行动)

down-to-earth:务实的

thrift:勤俭

honesty:诚信

curiosity:充满好奇

道德类

public morality:公德

devotion/dedication:奉献

charity:慈善

sense of responsibility:责任感

undertake one's duties/responsibility:承担责任

avoid one's duties/responsibility:逃避责任

traditional virtues:传统美德

practice filial piety:奉行孝道

selfless devotion:无私奉献

Patriotism:爱国主义

comply with public morality:遵守公德

follow the morals:按道德行事

improve public morals:改进社会风气

safeguard public morals:维护公共道德

injure public morality:损害公共道德

be public-spirited:有公德心的

the corruption of public morality:公德堕落

the lack of moral sense:道德缺失

the crisis of trust:信任危机

spit everywhere:随地吐痰

make noise/talk loudly:大声喧哗

littering:乱丢垃圾

empty promise:空洞承诺

false promise:虚假承诺

compete for benefits:争抢利益

unfair competitions:不公平竞争

consumers' rights and interests:消费者权益

disregard the public rules:无视公共规章

benevolence:善心仁慈

with heart and soul:全心全意

amicable:友好的

charitable:宽厚的

credibility:信誉,美誉

fake commodities:伪劣产品

dishonest behaviors:欺诈行为

unaffordable prices of medicines:药价虚高

academic corruption:学术腐败

plagiarism:剽窃抄袭

excessive growth:过度上涨

illegal ads:非法广告

food safety:食品安全

misdeed/misconduct:不良行为

spirit of contact:契约精神

volunteering service:志愿服务

volunteer spirit:志愿者精神

家庭类或两代关系类

mutual understanding:相互理解

aging society:老龄化社会

population aging:人口老龄化

generation gap:代沟

widen/expand generation gap:扩大代沟

narrow/bridge generation gap:消除代沟

domestic/family violence:家庭暴力

foster/raise/breed/nurture/bring up:抚养

household chores:繁杂家务

spoil children/dote on children:溺爱孩子

over-indulgence:纵容溺爱

only child:独生子女

the universal two-child policy:全面二孩政策

a well-off family:小康之家

filial piety:孝道

practice filial piety/fulfill filialduty:奉行孝道

show solicitude for parents:关心父母

mistreat/ill-treat/maltreat parents:虐待父母

cousin:堂兄妹,表兄妹

offspring:后代,后辈

ancestor:祖先

环境保护类

environment-friendly:生态环保的

conserve natural habitats:保护生存环境

animal rights activist:动物权益保护者

natural reserve:自然保护区

natural resources:自然资源

biodiversity:生物多样性

extinction:灭绝

wind breaks:防风林

sand breaks:防沙林

climate change:气候变化

greenhouse effect:温室效应

threat of global warming:全球变暖的威胁

develop renewable resources:开发可再生资源

low-carbon economy:低碳经济

low-carbon lifestyle:低碳生活方式

environmental awareness:环境意识

deforestation:森林消失

biodegradable:可生物降解的

environment-friendly products:环保产品

household garbage:生活垃圾

waste sorting/garbage classification:垃圾分类

motor vehicle pollution:汽车尾气污染

public transport:公共交通

green commuting:绿色出行

water and soil erosion:水土流失

soot emissions:烟尘排放

sea water desalinization:海水淡化

create pleasant living environment:创造怡人的生活环境

air pollution:空气污染

degradation/deterioration of airquality:空气质量恶化

discharge/emit poisonous/toxic gas:排放有毒气体

acid rain:酸雨

drought:干旱

sandstorm:沙尘暴

toxic waste:有毒废物

industrial waste:工业废物

sewage treatment:污水处理

文化交流类

culture and civilization:文化和文明

The cultural blending/integration/fusion:文化融合

cultural exchanges/interaction/interchange:文化交流

cultural diversity:文化多元化

multiculturalism:多元文化

cultural identity:文化特性

cultural heritage/legacy:文化遗产

cultural relics:文物

cultural facilities:文化设施

cultural devolution:文化退化

cultural insights:文化视角

alien/foreign culture:外国文化

Chinese cultural symbols:中国文化的符号

advocate/carry forward traditionalculture:弘扬传统文化

undermine traditions:破坏传统

great and profound:博大精深的

local customs and practices:风土人情

cross-cultural communication:跨文化交流

spiritual civilization:精神文明

break with old customs:抛弃传统

hand down from generation togeneration:代代相传

minority:少数民族

national pride:民族自豪

original:原始原创的

charming:极具魅力的

splendid:壮丽辉煌的

talk show:谈话节目

crash:碰撞

collection:收藏品

folk art:民间艺术

Chinese craze:中国热

健康类

physical health/fitness:生理健康

mental/psychological health/fitness:心理健康

health concern:健康问题

state of health:健康状况

sub-health:亚健康

public health:公共卫生

state of mind:心态

physical exercises:体育锻炼

well-balanced diet:均衡饮食

sacrifice health:牺牲健康

junk food:垃圾食品

food additives:食品添加剂

go on a diet:节食,减肥

infectious disease/illness:传染病

non-acclimatization:水土不服

relapse:复发症

stupor:昏迷

short-sightedness:近视

malnutrition:营养不良

chill:打冷战

经济类

economic globalization:经济全球化

recession/bleeding economy:经济不景气

economic/financial crisis:经济/金融危机

economic recovery:经济复苏

economic prosperity:经济繁荣

job market:就业市场

look for/hunt for/seek a job:找工作

job seeker:求职者

a tough job market:严峻的就业形势

unrealistic salary expectations:不切实际的薪资期望

pursue a high-paid job:追求高薪工作

lose one's job/be unemployed:失业

job losses mount, unemployment climbs:失业加剧

unemployment:失业人数

career guidance:就业指导

decline/recession/depression:萎缩/衰退/萧条

bubble economy:泡沫经济

demand exceed supply:供不应求

turn loss into gains:转亏为盈

stabilize prices:稳定物价

unfair competition:不正当竞争

fierce/intense/furious/cut-throatcompetition:激烈竞争

fake and inferior product:假冒伪劣产品

after-sale service:售后服务

brand effect:品牌效应

lift/elevate people's standard ofliving:提高人们的生活水平

lower citizens' standard of living:降低居民生活水平

eliminate poverty:消除贫困

spur/stimulate consumption:刺激消费

教育类

compulsory education:义务教育

life-long education:终身教育

exam/test-oriented education:应试教育

quality education:素质教育

well-rounded development of a child:全面发展

balanced development of a child:均衡发展

cultural quality:文化素质

impart knowledge and educate people:教书育人

intellectual property:知识产权

law education:法制教育

teach students according to theiraptitude:因材施教

academic/theoretical knowledge:理论知识

practical skills:实用技能

integrate theory with practice:理论联系实际

disconnect theory from practice:理论脱离实际

shape/mould one's character:塑造性格

extra-curricular activities:课外活动

the spirit of exploration:探索精神

cultivate (nurture, foster)creative/original thinking:培养创新思维

stifle/constrain/extinguishcreativity:扼杀创造力

sap/dampen student's interest in sth.:挫伤学生对某事的兴趣

eliminate illiteracy:扫盲

miss a class:缺课

cut a class:旷课

drop out:辍学

quit school:退学

assistantship:助学金

scholarship:奖学金

university graduates:大学毕业生

pursue post-graduate study/take partin the entrance exams for postgraduates:考研

study abroad/go abroad for furthereducation:出国留学

excessive/undue academic pressure:过大的学习压力

the burden of study/learning:学习负担

ease/relieve academic pressure:缓解学习压力

intensify academic pressure:增强学习压力

academic atmosphere:学习气氛

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