so与such到底有哪些区别?

今天我们要梳理的是such和so的区别:两者都可以用来表示“如此;这样”,但用法不同。

总的来说,such是形容词,用来修饰名词;so是副词,用来修饰形容词或副词。如:

She is such a diligent student. 她是个如此勤奋的学生。

She is so diligent a student. 她是个如此勤奋的学生。

so与such到底有哪些区别?

当然,两者的区别远不止如此。我们接着往下看:

一、当修饰可数名词时(一)当修饰单数可数名词时

单数名词前有不定冠词与形容词时,so和such的位置不同。

so的用法:so+形容词+a/an+名词

such的用法:such+a/an+形容词+名词

如:她真是个聪明的孩子。

She is so clever a girl.

She is such a clever girl.

so与such到底有哪些区别?

(二)当修饰复数可数名词时

此时,一般只能用such。如:

I can't stick them at any price; they are such frumps. (我无论如何受不了她们,她们太守旧。)

so与such到底有哪些区别?

(三)当复数名词有形容词修饰时

当复数名词被形容词修饰时,只能用such。如:

That thief has such clever hands. She steals things in such an artistic way. (那个小偷的技巧相当了得,偷东西的方式是如此高明。)

so与such到底有哪些区别?

二、当修饰不可数名词时

当修饰不可数名词时,只能用such。如:

It is absurd to go out in such terrible weather. (在这麽恶劣的天气里出去太荒唐。)

so与such到底有哪些区别?

三、特殊情况(一)

如果名词前有表示数量多少的many、much、few、little等修饰词时,只能用so。如:

Stress can be the undoing of so many fine players. (紧张可能是这许多优秀选手失败的原因。)

Don't make so much fuss over losing a penny. (别为丢了一便士大惊小怪的。)

Why there are so few insect species in the sea? (为何海洋中的昆虫种类如此稀少?)

He felt ashamed of having done so little work. (他为没做多少工作而感到惭愧。)

so与such到底有哪些区别?

(二)

当little表示“小”的意思用来修饰可数名词时,近似于small,这时只能用such。如:

There were such little children that they couldn't clean the house. (这些孩子那么小,不能打扫房间。)

so与such到底有哪些区别?

四、so...that...与such...that...

在结果状语从句中,so...that...和such...that...的主要区别也在于:so用来修饰形容词或副词,而such用来修饰名词。但两者都表示“如此...,以至于...”如:

He was so ill that two nurses attended on him. (他病得那样重,有两个护士照顾他。)

He is such a good egg that everyone likes him. (他是一个大好人,个个都喜欢他。)

so与such到底有哪些区别?

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