Tofu - this is the name of cheese or cottage cheese, derived from soy milk, curdled by heating or coagulants. Now tofu has become a very fashionable and popular product, all thanks to the spread of Asian cuisine and vegetarianism in the modern world.
In addition, tofu is respected in the circles of people who are watching their health, dieters and, simply, wishing to live long and healthy.
It is believed that the birthplace of tofu is Ancient China. In the twentieth century, bas-reliefs of the 2nd century BC were found there, on which the process of making tofu is detailed.
According to the legend, the first soy cheese was obtained by accident, when in soy milk, or, according to another version, fermented soybeans, salted sea water got.
Soy protein precipitated, and man collected this "cottage cheese", and, having tried, was not a little surprised by the excellent taste and amazing satiety of the new product.
Now soy cheese and its products are the main component of the diet of the Asian basin countries, the main source of protein, along with other soy products.
Initially, the classic tofu - completely tasteless, is a feature of soy cheese. This is its advantage. Tofu can be made sweet or salty, add various spices and herbs.
The use of soybean tofu
What is the use of soy cheese? And that soybeans are the most protein-rich plant, and accordingly, soy cheese is a high-protein product, which is absolutely necessary for people who adhere to a vegetarian or vegan diet. In addition, the soy protein contains all the essential amino acids, a large amount of calcium and iron.
The second feature of soy cheese is the high content of phytoestrogens. No, no, do not be afraid and horrified at the word "estrogens".
The fact is that research conducted by American scientists on the island of Okinawa (Japan), where the largest number of long-livers in the world, has proved that soy phytoestrogens are amazing substances! They have a selective (selective) character, and can either increase or decrease estrogen in the body, and generally normalize the hormonal background of not only women but also men.
In Japan, in particular in Okinawa, in 70-year-old men, the testosterone level was comparable to the testosterone level of a 45-year-old European. And scientists believe that it's all about the soy diet, and in particular in the "magic" phytoestrogens. Okinawa women do not know the concept of "hormonally dependent forms of cancer" (breast, ovarian, etc.), which is a scourge of Western women, especially in the period of menopause and age-related hormonal changes. That's why, women who have even suspicions of hormonal imbalance, simply need to include tofu in their diet. In addition, tofu is indispensable, for people who are dieters. In 100 g of tofu, only 78 calories and, as much as 17.1 g of protein.
How to choose a good one
How to choose tofu? I advise you to choose tofu without flavors and flavors, because in this way a dishonest producer can mask an expired product. It is better to buy tofu in a vacuum package, and preferably, one in which calcium chloride is used as a coagulant. In tofu precipitated with calcium chloride, calcium is several times greater than in cheese with another coagulant.
A good tofu should be white, if it is yellowish, then it's frozen, why would you do that? Store the open cheese in a container of water in the refrigerator.
There are many recipes for tofu. If you do not stick to diets, I recommend roasting tofu in spices and breading-it's an insanely delicious and very popular Asian dish.
For people who follow calories, I suggest adding tofu in salads from herbs and vegetables, making sandwiches with whole grain breads, tofu and herbs or cooking such a green soup of tofu and celery.