The beauty of the earth is boundless, it is beyond imagination. Our earth is nearly 4.5 billion years old, but still, has a lot to be discovered by the humans. It is still young and throbbing, rarely showing any wrinkles. But, we as humans must care for it now, think about it now, preserve it for our future generations and give our greedy selves a break. Phew! 'Nuf said! Very firstly, we must bear in mind that we are ethereal and not eternal, so stop taking things for granted.
With this, we get to you some of the facts about and offerings of the earth. Ranging from the coldest place to the smallest mammal to the deepest point, here are some of the head-scratching facts about our very own earth. After reading these, you will yearn for more.
Here, are some of the superlatives that the earth is bestowed with.#1. Vostok Station, Antarctica
It is the place where the lowest temperature on the earth, −89.2 °C (−128.6 °F or 184.0 K) was recorded, in 1983. This was lowest to be recorded at the ground level. The coldest month of the year is August. The highest temperature ever recorded at this place was 12.3°C. It is built on 3.7 km of ice.It is a Russian Antarctic research station.
There are not more than 18 residents at the place in winters and 30 in summers. And the shocking fact is that they do not take any visitors!#2. The Hoba Meteorite
A meteorite is an alien object from space, which manages to enter a planet's atmosphere. It is a solid piece of debris from a comet or an asteroid or meteoroid. The largest known intact meteorite is in Namibia. It weighs 60 tons and is 2.7 meters long. It is thought to have fallen on the earth nearly 80,000 years ago.It is a widely visited tourist attraction.
This was stumbled upon in 1920 by a farmer, near Grootfontein, Namibia, when he was ploughing his field. It could not be moved because it is regarded as the largest piece of iron ever found near the earth's surface. Also, the Namibian government has regarded the place where the meteorite is, as a National Monument.
Source#3. Challenger Deep, Mariana Trench
It is the deepest part of the world's oceans. It is situated in the western Pacific Ocean. In 2010, the United States Center for Coastal & Ocean Mapping measured the depth of the Challenger Deep at 10,994 meters (36,070 feet) below sea level with an estimated vertical accuracy of ± 40 meters.It has a length of 2,550 km.
And a width of 69 km, on an average. It is named after the HMS Challenger who first measured the trench in the 1870s.#4. The Atacama Desert
It is the driest non-polar desert in the world. It is in South America and is a plateau, west of the Andes Mountains. The dryness of the area is perceived to be due to its location.
SourceIt is situated between the two high mountain ranges.
The Andes and the Chilean Coast Range, lock it from both the sides and prevent moisture advection from both, Pacific and Atlantic Oceans.#5. The Earth's Atmosphere
The atmosphere of the earth has many facts associated with it. The most common gas found in the atmosphere is nitrogen, more than 75 percent. It is divided among many layers and thins with height.
It extends upto 10,000 kilometers. The last layer, exosphere, begins at about 700 km above sea level and ends at 10,000 kms above sea level.#6. The Dead Sea
It is the lowest elevation on land. Its surface and shores are 430.5 meters below the sea level.
The harsh salinity makes survival of aquatic animals difficult. It is a salt lake and is bordered by Jordan to the east and Israel and Palestine to the west.People can easily float in it.
It is one of the saltiest bodies on the earth and because of the high concentration of salt, it has a natural buoyancy of its own. It is 50 kilometers long and nearly 15 kilometers wide, at its widest point.#7. Kitti's Hog-Nosed Bat
It is also known as the bumblebee bat, they are mostly found in western Thailand and southeast Burma. Also, FYI, it is the world's smallest mammal. It has some distinctive appearance, it has a reddish-brown or grey coat and a pig-like snout.They usually dwell in a large size, of an average of 100 in a cave.
They were first discovered in the 1970s. They are an endangered species because their habitat has been destroyed due to tourists and depletion of nearby forests. It is about 3 cm in length and weighs around 2 g.#8. Earth's Auroras
Auroras are a beautiful light phenomenon caused by the collision of electrically charged particles in sun's rays and gases like nitrogen and oxygen in earth's atmosphere. The auroras are generally seen near the two magnetic poles of the earth.
The above picture is of Aurora Borealis (Northern Lights) which occurs near the north pole, generally in countries of Canada, Norway, and Iceland.Aurora Australis
Both the auroras are a sight to behold! They are nothing less than breath-taking! The above picture is of Aurora Australis or the Southern Lights and can be seen from Antarctica, but can also be seen from parts of Australia and New Zealand.
We hope this compilation took you closer to what this earth has to offer to us!
Do share in the comments section below if you want us to include any more facts about the earth. We will be more than happy to hear from you.